Half of Ukrainians (50.1%) do not regret the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), but every third (33.5%) regrets it. This was reported by “Interfax-Ukraine”.
According to a question conducted by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) in late May 2020, 52.7% of President Volodymyr Zelensky’s voters do not regret the collapse of the USSR, and 28.7% regret it.
Among voters of potential presidential candidates, voters of Yuri Boyko, co-chair of the faction “Opposition Platform – For Life” (81.5% regret against 9.7% who do not regret) regret it most of all, and voters of the fifth president Petro Poroshenko regret the collapse of the USSR the least (3.8% regret and 88.2% do not regret). In the case of voters of “Homeland” leader Yulia Tymoshenko, about the same number regret (39.3%) and do not regret (38.9%) the collapse of the USSR.
Similar trends are also observed among the voters of the respective parties. Thus, 53.6% of voters “Servants of the People” do not regret the collapse of the USSR, 28.4% – regret. 83.2% of “Opposition Platform – For Life” voters regret the collapse of the USSR, and 93.9% of “European Solidarity” voters do not regret it. At the same time, the vast majority of voters of such parties as the “Voice” and “Power and Honor”, and a little more than half of the voters of the “Sharia’s Party”, do not want the collapse of the USSR.
If in the West of Ukraine the vast majority of the population do not regret (69% vs. 15%), in the Center of Ukraine the ratio is 51% to 32%. In the South, East and Donbass, those who regret the collapse of the USSR predominate: 41.5-49% depending on the region, compared to 35-39% of those who do not regret it.
34.7% of respondents believe that Ukraine’s membership in the USSR brought it more benefits than harm, and in 2013 there were 47.6% of such people (for the sake of correctness of the comparison from the 2013 sample were excluded temporarily occupied Crimea and some territories of Donetsk and Luhansk regions). Now 27.9% of respondents talk about more harm (and in 2013 there were 17.9% of such people).
Although the share of those who believe that staying in the USSR has brought more benefits to Ukraine is growing from the west to the east of Ukraine (from 18.9% in the West to 52.1% in Donbass), but since 2013 in all regions there have been fewer who thinks so.
From 24th to 31th May 2020, KIIS conducted a survey using the CATI method (computer-assisted telephone interviews) based on a random sample of mobile phone numbers. The sample is representative for the adult population of Ukraine (18 years of age and older). The sample does not include territories that are temporarily not controlled by the authorities of Ukraine – the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, some districts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions. 2000 interviews were conducted during the survey.
The statistical error of the sample (with a probability of 0.95 and taking into account the design effect of 1.1) does not exceed: 2.2% – for indicators close to 50%, 2.1% – for indicators close to 25%, 1, 4% – for indicators close to 10%.
Переклад: Шугонцева Юлія