National Security Strategy of Ukraine: a step towards detente from Russia and joining NATO

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Russia remains an adversary of Ukraine, but the authorities are taking a step towards detente from it, The National Security and Defense Council “NSDC” reviewed the draft National Security Strategy and already at the end of this month, it can be put into effect by decree of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky.

On way to discharge

The main difference between the current draft Strategy, which is not yet in the public domain, from the document adopted in 2015 during the presidency of Petro poroshenko was the line enshrined in it on de-escalation in relations with Russia. Although, plan B always remains.

While 2015 Strategy noted that “Russia’s aggressive actions” are almost a threat to national security, in the current draft document, although there is a vague phrase about the increase of aggression, including through the development of the Armed Forces, however, along with this, it is proposed “to take measures to reduce the likelihood of conflict with the Russia and tension in bilateral relations”.

The reintegration of the temporarily occupied part of Donbas remains one of the main objectives of the Strategy. It is supposed to ensure “restoration of peace and state sovereignty in the temporarily occupied territories.”

And maybe not only through diplomatic means. In any case, the deputy secretary of the National Security and Defense Council declared the possibility of a forceful scenario in the Donbas “with political will.”

According to UA-Times sources from Zelensky’s team, the intensification of hostilities in the Donbas is possible in April, if until that time the Verkhovna Rada does not adopt changes to the legislation regarding decentralization and does not fix the special status of certain regions of Donbas in the Constitution.

Recall that a decentralization bill was introduced in parliament, which, among other things, suggested that the special status of Kyiv and other cities is determined by laws, which created a potential risk of federalization. However, later this rule was removed from the draft document, and in January the bill was completely recalled from parliament for revision.

Counter to the Strategy during the presidency of Petro Poroshenko, the issues of Crimea and Donbas are divided. Moreover, like its predecessor, the current authorities in the Strategy actually recognize that the return of the peninsula is a very distant prospect. The draft Strategy envisages “the implementation of a set of international legal, political, diplomatic, safe, humanitarian and economic measures under the name “Crimea is Ukraine “.

In foreign policy, the draft Strategy maintains the continuity of the course towards European and Euro-Atlantic integration. As noted in the draft Strategy, one of its goals is “to achieve the criteria necessary to represent EU and NATO membership”. Strategy planners recognize that membership in the Alliance and the EU is a distant prospect, With other countries and further “pragmatic cooperation, taking into account the realization of national interests”.

Among the internal priorities of the Strategy, in accordance with the presentation: social development and, above all, the development of human capital, protection of the rights and freedoms and legitimate interests of a citizen, which partially repeats with the Strategy of “predecessors” , and with the priority of the individual.

According to the Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council, Alexey Danilov, the key aspects of the Strategy are a person, his life, health, honor, dignity, integrity and security. The final goal of its implementation, in modern times, is reminiscent of the construction of communism by a certain date: the establishment of a free, rich, safe country dominated by law, where everyone can realize their talents and abilities.

In addition to possible aggression, the presentation does not mention the risks of national security. With a high degree of probability, we can assume that the final version of the document will not certainly mention corruption, a high level of the shadow economy, low living standards of the population, hacker attacks and environmental problems.

Recall that the previous version of the National Security Strategy was approved almost 5 years ago by decree of the fifth President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko. The development of an update to the National Security Strategy began in July 2019 after the early parliamentary elections.

“I started work on the National Security Strategy. This is an extremely important and deep work in order to determine the risks that Ukraine may face for 5 years, ”secretary of the National Security and Defense Council, Alexander Danilyuk, told reporters at the headquarters of the Servant of the Party after voting in the early parliamentary elections.

The document was later presented at NATO headquarters. Now, after discussing the draft Strategy, the document will be approved by decree of the President. And this can happen in a week.


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